Enhance Your Computer’s Memory (RAM)

Increasing your computer’s memory or the availability of your random access memory (RAM) has an advantage. This will enhance the speed of your computer’s performance when you run programs and more.
Thinking of increasing the RAM of your PC, you need to know the important details of your computers (the documentation from the manufacturer). You also bear in mind, adding physical hardware is another way to increase your computer’s RAM. There are also risks when you replace your computer’s hardware components, consulting your hardware manufacturer or asking someone who specializes in computer hardware is a good idea. RAM can only work when the requirements of the motherboard are met.
Below are the important precautions when upgrading your computer’s RAM.
•	Under warranty. When your computer is still under warranty and then you decided to remove the covering, this will revoke the warranty. It is best to consult with the hardware manufacturer for information before proceeding.
•	Know the RAM of your PC. Finding out the capacity of your RAM by, going to the My Computer icon on the desktop, then click the Properties. From there, you can see the amount of RAM your computer have in the section known as Computer.
•	Know how much RAM you need. Generally, when your computer became slow as you open several programs together, or you may be working on a large file, installing more RAM can be an option.
However, below are some tips you may want to consider before you get a RAM for your particular motherboard:
•	Try to contact the hardware manufacturer first, before installing a new hardware. This will retain the warranty, if ever you need to remove the covering of your computer.
•	Read the owner’s manual or the motherboard manual, this will determine if the RAM is a non-parity or parity.
•	Measure the speed of your RAM (nanoseconds).
•	Know if your computer uses the single in-line memory modules or SIMMs or the DIMMs for the dual in-line memory.
•	Know if your computer uses a Fast Page-mode DRAM (or the FPM DRAM), Burst EDO DRAM (or the BEDO DRAM), Extended Data Out DRAM (or the EDO DRAM), or RAMBus DRAM (RDRAM).
•	It is also important to know the motherboard’s pin number: 3, 72 or 168.
•	The number of open RAM slots should also not taken aside, it should match the motherboard.
How to change the Virtual Memory Settings
Windows uses virtual memory to increase the computer RAM. The method of using virtual memory to your hard disk for a temporary storage of the data that usually stored in RAM. Through this technique, Windows can give extra resources for an additional virtual memory that can be effective to extend your computer’s performance.
Precaution: Even though changing your virtual memory settings are possible, keep in mind that it is already configured by default; changing its settings must be done only if necessary. Before changing the default settings, you need to save it so you can restore its original settings if the situation needs it.
Here are the steps for changing the Virtual Memory Settings:
•	Locate the My Computer  icon and right-click it on the desktop and then click the Properties.
•	Then click the Performance tab.
•	Click the Virtual Memory, and then once more click the line that says Let me specify my own virtual memory settings.
•	Choose the hard disk you want to use for the virtual memory, and then choose the minimum and maximum amounts of virtual memory.
•	Click OK button twice and then reset your PC.
In case, you need to return the default settings, Do the steps 1 to 4, however click the Let Windows manage my virtual memory sets.

Solid State Drive (SSD): Tips to Maximize Capacity

If you really way to increase the speed of your computer, adding  a solid state drive (SSD) is an advantage. This may cost more thus, with the improvement for your productivity and efficiency –worth the price. However, with the speed you gain, it may have some drawbacks on the storage since the 128 GB or 256 GB capacities of those affordable SSD’s is not enough for storage demands.

To help you with that burden, here are some of the cost effective method to create additional space on your SSD (or even your hard disk drive) to be able to maximize usage:

Cloud Leverage. The cloud storage can give your SSD to increase your storage capacity, so take it! Putting your old files and documents in the cloud can free-space on your SSD, plus you can access them anywhere with the internet connection. Here are few cloud services you can avail:

Ariba Cloud … http://www.ariba.com/

Google Cloud …https://cloud.google.com/products/cloud-storage/

Amazon Cloud …https://www.amazon.com/clouddrive/learnmore

Dropbox …https://www.dropbox.com/


Adding USB flash drive or SD Card. Enhancing your storage space in a bulk with the USB flash drive or SD card is a smart way to do this. Several laptops today are built with the slot of SD card, so it is capable to get a 64 GB SD flash memory card affordable to you. Keep in mind, the SD cards greater than 32 GB are based on the updated version of SDXC standard, checking your laptop’s card reader and make sure it supports it. Instead, you can use a USB flash drive and plugged into your USB port, this can add 32 GB storage.


External Hard Disk Drive for Additional Storage

In case you always need to handle hundred gigabytes of data, getting  portable hard disk will be useful.  The latest model of external drive can be slim and has quick speed. Below are the things you need to consider when buying an external hard disk drive:

  • Speed. The speed rotation can be above 10,000 rpm in a desktop hard drive and it can be as low as 4,200 rpm in a portable drive. This can create an impact on the time the work can be done or a large file can be copied. So, those people who are working with big memory programs that need large files, getting an external hard disk drive is a smart move. The people who are always on the go, applicable is the portable one.
  • Connectivity. There are some external hard drives powered and connected directly through the use of USB cables; and those  external drives with such power need electrical connection for the main power supply.
  • Capacity. When it comes to personal storage such as family videos, photos and music, the 1TB external hard drive will do. Nevertheless, those using it for  businesses and professionals which needs larger files, for the music and games programs, graphics will need bigger capacity of external hard drives.
  • Security Features. For secure access, the option to assign a password on external hard drives commonly come, even for the small external hard drives. The regular consumer may just require a password for protection, however, for those with sensitive data in their external hard drive, the security they need to add through optional biometric recognition is a wise move to add.
  • Portability. The larger unit generally needs a power supply for connection to be able to function than those with small unit (these usually rely on the USB connection from the computer system). So, if you are just looking to expand storage capacity – you may not require a portable drive after all, hence if you are the type who are into business people or traveler type, a portable drive will serve you better.


Reduce the Virtual Memory. It can help you increase your storage space when you reduce or somehow disable your virtual memory. Today, most of the Ultrabooks and laptops can offer between 4 GB and 8 GB RAM, and you may regard to disable your entire virtual memory if you are not the play-game type or love to run apps which need a large amount of memory. Those with small storage space have at least 2 GB of RAM and when you reduce your virtual memory, you can have at least 1 GB to 1.5 GB.


Steps how to reduce virtual memory (Windows 7 and 8)

  1. Click the Windows Icon (bottom left of the Windows screen), Go to Control Panel and select System and Security and then System.
  2. Click the Advanced System Settings (left column), to bring the System Properties dialog.
  3. Now, navigate to the Advanced tab, and click Settings (the button under the Performance section). This will bring the Performance Options.
  4. Next, click Change (to bring up the Virtual Memory dialog).
  5. When you are in the Virtual Dialog, disable the Automatically Manage Paging file size for all drivers (if this is enabled).
  6. Select No Paging File (this will disable the Virtual Memory completely) or select Custom Size (this will set a fixed virtual memory amount).
  7. For the second, set the same maximum and initial size. When done, click OK.
  8. Restart your PC for the new settings.


Delete Temporary Files. Compress the Outlook mailbox, this will give usable drive space for you. All laptops will necessarily gather temporary files and other digital junk that consumes space on your SSD.

  • To terminate these files, you can use a Disk Cleanup Toisol, all you need to do is type “Disk Cleanup” on the search box on the Start Menu), or you can also use the Ccleaner  (3rd party tool).
  • You can also filter your default browser’s download folder,  this area may have old downloads not useful any longer.
  • If you love to use an App-based email client like Outlook, trimming the size of the local mailbox by regularly compacting it, can help you get enough space. Here’s how to do it:
  1. Go to Accounts Settings of Outlook
  2. Click the Data Files tab.
  3. Choose the appropriate account
  4. Click Properties (this will bring up the Properties dialog box).
  5. Go to the Advanced tab, then click Compact  Now to Start.
  • This process may take time (even for the fast SSD).


Uninstall your Apps. To save storage space, uninstalling unwanted apps are very helpful. All you need to do is go to Control Panel and select Programs and Features, then choose the softwares you need to uninstall. This will free enough space.


Hardware or Software Problem: How to Tell?

Some computer users are having tough time to distinguish between a hardware or software problem. To help you on this, here are some of the points you need to know.

Signs of Hardware Related Problem:

  • Dead signs. You’ll notice there is no signs of activity such as lights, screen info and sounds, when the power is on.
  • Unusual machine noise is a sign there is a problem with your hardware.
  • When you can see physical signs like visibly cracked, broken or may have a loose-fitting part.
  • The problem occurs when a liquid is spilled on the machine.
  • Randomly, restarting itself and somehow the machine is getting very hot.

Signs of Software Related Problem:

  • The machine stops working through the start-up.
  • The programs are not working properly or giving error messages more often.
  • The PC is processing very slow.

If you think you have a hardware/software issue, you need to check these points and understand:

  • Is your PC under warranty? If your answer is yes, contact the supplier or manufacturer for advice for the repairs.
  • If you can access your files and documents, make sure you save everything for back-up copies. Often when there is a hardware problem, especially with the hard disk, the data may be affected when it is repaired.
  • Usually, if this is a software issue, troubleshooting requires removing the new program (or the programs installed/updated when the problem starts to manifest).  Some of  the possible ways to know if it is a hardware problem – the need to update drivers, reinstalling the OS (operating system) and installing older drivers.

Hardware Basic Troubleshooting

Before anything else, it is a rule of thumb to ground yourself (metal chassis of the PC). This will keep you safe before touching the internal components.

Note: You need to disconnect almost everything inside the CPU, so you need to remember the connection of every parts so you can put it back again.

  1. First, shut down the computer and unplug it. You can also set up the grounding the equipment safely.
  2. Start disconnecting all the storage drives, as well as the optical from the motherboard.
  3. Take out all of your add-in cards, the same as the video card.
  4. You also need to remove the RAM but don’t touch the primary slot (the DDR or the silkscreened, located on the board).
  5. Include to unplug all of the external and internal connected from your computer  such as power, keyboard, monitor cable, internal speakers, reset switches, mouse, and everything else.
  6. Next, clean everything. Pick with your hand, those with larger dust piles and you can use compressed air on those Heatsinks. Fans need to be cleaned with cotton buds/swabs or a toothpick, don’t use metal for this part.
  7. Put everything back together, double check the connection and power it on.
  8. If you still encounter the same error, take your PC to a reliable technician.


Software Basic Troubleshooting

Checking your OS for some troubleshooting is also related to your software issue. So, you need to go to the Operating Systems’ basic troubleshooting section and then click the Basic Troubleshooting section.

After you had gone with that, and you are having errors, contact your reliable technician for software support.

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